Monday, 10 October 2016

New UN Secretary General to be appointed

*10 October 2016* 🎤

Today's *_News Juice_*  features the following articles:

*1.*  New UN Secretary General to be appointed (Relevant for GS Mains Paper II)

*2.*  Janani Suraksha Yojana pays dividends: Study (Relevant for GS Prelims, GS Mains Paper II)

*3.*  Frivolous’ RTI pleas is becoming problematic, PMO issues advisory (Relevant for GS Mains Paper II)

*4.*  Foreign medical graduates fail MCI exam (Relevant for GS Mains Paper II)

*5.*  Need of Simpler law for Land Acquisition (Relevant for GS Mains Paper II)

*_⛳ News of the Day_*

*New UN Secretary General to be appointed (Relevant for GS Mains Paper II)*

The United Nations Security Council’s has a broad consensus in nominating António Guterres for the post of Secretary-General.

*Challenges before new Secretary General*
Mr. Guterres will have to expediently attend to a number of pressing issues, including the worsening international refugee crisis and the scourge of terrorism, both in part linked to the debilitating Syrian war.

An equally challenging agenda point facing Mr. Guterres is to find creative ways to bridge the chasm between Western powers on the one hand and Russia and China on the other.

*Credentials of Mr. Guterres*
His experience as the UN High Commissioner for Refugees will come in handy as he goes about negotiating to find shelter for and rehabilitate refugees from Syria, who at last count numbered well above four million worldwide.

*Procedure for appointment*
Article 97 of the United Nations Charter determines that the Secretary-General is "appointed by the General Assembly upon the recommendation of the Security Council.”

As the recommendation must come from the Security Council, any of the five permanent members of the Council can veto a nomination.

Despite the Charter giving the General Assembly provisions to influence the selection process, the chosen Secretaries-General reflect that the selection process remains in the control of the Permanent Members.

Some customs have developed regarding the selection process, such as that the appointee may not be a citizen of any of the Security Council's five permanent members.

Last week, 13 of the 15 members of the Council, including the five veto-wielding permanent members, sent the name of the former Portugal Prime Minister to the General Assembly for final approval.

If the Assembly passes his nomination, then as the UN’s ninth Secretary-General

*About Secretary General*
The Secretary-General of the United Nations (UNSG or just SG) is the head of the United Nations Secretariat, one of the principal organs of the United Nations. The Secretary-General also acts as the de facto spokesperson and leader of the United Nations.

The current Secretary-General is Ban Ki-moon of South Korea, who took office on 1 January 2007. His first term expired on 31 December 2011. He was re-elected, unopposed, to a second term on 21 June 2011. His successor is to be appointed by the General Assembly in 2016 and is expected to be António Guterres, former Prime Minister of Portugal.

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